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Carbohydrates, Fat and Diabetes - Ⅰ
- Nov 04, 2019 -

Nowadays, almost everyone is losing weight or want to lose weight. There are countless people around us who are dieting, fasting, running and swimming. But why are our obesity getting worse? Before answering this question, we need to first understand the food we eat the most in our lives: carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the cheapest of the three main nutrients that provide heat to the body. Mainly found in sweets, cereals, some vegetables, fruits and other foods.

The essence of carbohydrates is actually a mixture of different sugars combined. It is mainly divided into monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides are the smallest molecules in sugars, they are glucose and fructose. The disaccharide is made up of two monosaccharides. They are lactose, sucrose and maltose. Both monosaccharides and disaccharides are simple carbohydrates. The polysaccharide is composed of a plurality of monosaccharides. They are starch, glycogen and cellulose. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates, Fat and Diabetes - Ⅰ

These carbohydrates (such as a biscuit) start from the moment they enter the mouth and are broken down by different enzymes. Finally, in the intestinal wall and liver, they are almost completely broken down into glucose. Carbohydrates in fruits and vegetables are mixed with indigestible cellulose, so it takes longer to break down the digestion, but the end result is the same.

A part of the glucose that has been decomposed and digested enters the blood circulation (about 2 tablespoons of sugar in a normal person's blood). If we eat too much carbohydrates, the amount of decomposed glucose will increase, causing blood sugar to rise rapidly.

When it comes to blood sugar, you have to mention insulin. In the next article, we are going to talk more about insulin, diabetes and fat. 

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